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Palm Springs Architect – William Cody

Series: Architects Who Built Palm Springs

By Randy Garner

William Cody (1916-1978) was retained to alter the Desert Inn in 1945, his first commission in Palm Springs. He completed the Del Marcos Hotel in 1947, his first independent commission, which was recognized by the AIA Southern California Chapter with an honorable mention.

Palm Springs was becoming a fashionable weekend and winter retreat Post-World War II for the rich and famous. William Cody’s career began to flourish along with the city. He decided to move his practice and his family to Palm Springs.  The Thunderbird Dude Ranch hired Cody  in 1950 to change it into the Thunderbird Country Club.  This then led to other commissions, such as altering clubhouses, recreational facilities, and residential developments. This included the Eldorado Country Club (with Ernest J. Kump), Tamarisk Country Club, the Racquet Club, and the Tennis Club.

He began almost a decade of work in 1960 altering and expanding the Palm Springs Spa Hotel (demolished).

william cody

William Cody’s specialization in country club clubhouses with related residential developments led to additional commissions in California, Arizona, Texas, Cuba, and Mexico. His residential projects emphasized key elements of Modernism. This included simplicity of form, natural light, and large windows offering a seamless connection between residential interiors and the outdoors. Because he was not boxed in by any one style, it made his style hard to pin down, and often overlooked in architectural circles.

William Cody was licensed to practice architecture in California and Arizona by 1946. Among Cody’s celebrated designs are the  Abernathy Residence, Palm Springs Library at Sunrise Park, St. Theresa’s Catholic Church, and the L’Horizon Hotel.

William Cody Residence, 1946

1950 E. Desert Palms Drive

William Cody’s contemporary home was built on different levels following the contour of the land. If offers walls of glass with structural steel framing and sliding doors from two of the bedroom and living room opening to a screened and shaded inner garden court. In the center of the tile-floored living room there is a fireplace brazier and tables and foam cushions to form a conversation grouping in a sunken area known as “The Pit.” Other unique features are a bomb shelter, retracting ceiling over the Cody’s bed, a toy closet and pivot doors. This is located in the Sunrise Park neighborhood.

william cody house

 Del Marcos Hotel – 1947

225 W Baristo Rd

In 1947 William Cody received his first independent commission for completing the Del Marcos Hotel, which opened in 1948. Owner of the modern styled resort was S. W. Marcos, winter resident and a real Villager.

del marcos resort

Dorothy Levin Residence, 1948

1940 E McManus Drive

dorothy levine home by cody

Desert Palm Estates – 1951

Developer Jack Meiselman approached architect William Cody around 1950 to design a series of three-bedroom/two-bathroom houses for him for a cluster of parcels within the Desert Palms Estates tract. Surviving drawings indicate what appear to have been two plans and three elevations for each plan, for a total of six designs. They appear to be bordered by Park Drive to the north, McManus Drive to the south, Sunset Way to the east, and other tract parcels to the west.  These homes are now part of the Sunrise Park neighborhood, which is where William Cody lived.

L’Horizon Hotel – 1952

1050 E Palm Canyon Dr

L’Horizon was built in 1952 as the a private family retreat for the television producer, oil tycoon, and legendary hotel owner Jack Wrather and his wife, Hollywood actress Bonita “Bunny” Granville. He is best know for producing the Lone Ranger and Lassie. She was in Now, Voyager with Bette Davis. Wrather commissioned architect William F. Cody – known for his desert modern work – to design his retreat with a cluster of guest houses as a hideaways for his Hollywood friends.

bonita granville
Bette Davis on left, Bonita Granville on right.

Wrather’s property was a playground for Hollywood’s elite throughout the 1950s and 1960s. This included Marilyn Monroe and Betty Grable, as well as other VIPs, such as the Nixons and Reagans. Over the past few decades, the property fell into disrepair and lost its glamour. That is, until Los Angeles-based “designer to the stars” Steve Hermann learned that the property was for sale and snapped it up. L’Horizon was reopened in July 2015 after a multi-million dollar renovation.

l'horizon palm springs

 The William Perlberg and Bobbie Brox House – 1952

888 N. Avenida Palmas

Cody continued to explore simple forms with flat or gently sloping shed roofs that reduced the dimensions of column and roof structures to a minimum, creating light profiles.

 Racquet Club Cottages West (RCCW) – 1960

360 W. Cabrillo Road, Palm Springs, CA 92262 (historic address 2743 N. Indian Avenue)

This was designed by William Cody and built by developer Paul Trousdale. Today it consists of 37 units (54 “historical” units) in 18 buildings and two structures. Located at the western end of the complex, the pool is surrounded by a large open area of landscaping. This serves as a buffer between the pool and the western-most units. A fence enclosing the pool was added (at an unknown date) presumably due to safety requirements. Although detached, the westernmost buildings of the complex are arranged in a half-circles creating an enclosure for the common center courtyard. The units and site of the RCCW complex have only seen some minor alterations. As a result, the essential characteristics of form, plan, space, structure, and style have survived intact.

cody racquet-club-cottages west

Abernathy Residence – 1962

611 North Phillips Road

William Cody designed the house in 1962 for James Logan Abernathy. He was a wealthy socialite in Palm Springs and the son of a pioneering furniture manufacturer in Kansas City. The residence is formed by two L-shaped sections, which are linked at their joints by a central square unit. But it is more notable for its ample outdoor areas.  Most of the outdoors are encompassed by an overhanging roof that spans nearly 10,000 square feet (929 square metres) – doubling the home’s livable footprint.

New York-based architect Michael Haverland restored the house in 2012 with designer Darren Brown and architect Thomas Morbitzer. The project included maintaining its original details and décor while upgrading the home’s windows and outdoor spaces.

abernathy-house-jake-holt-william-cody_dezeen
Credit: Dezeen

Commercial Gas Station – 1964

2796 N. Palm Canyon Drive

The station opened under the name “Tramway Shell Service Station.” It was lauded in the Desert Sun for its modern design and amenities. Alterations to the property include the 1984 addition of mini-mart/convenience store to the west façade of the service garage, fronting N. Palm Canyon Drive. Other alterations to the property include the replacement of the gasoline fueling pumps and concrete islands in 1991.  Additionally, the boarding up of original troffer lighting recessed within the canopy and the addition of new fluorescent lights to the underside of the canopy. Finally, an the addition of a metal storage enclosure to the east façade.

You can still fill up here!

william cody commercial gas station

St Theresa Catholic Church – 1968

2900 Ramon Rd

The 10-foot marble altars were carved in Italy to Cody’s precise specifications.  The sculptured ceilings drape like tented fabric, and the clerestory windows welcome wide rays of strategic natural light. The main entrance at St. Theresa is at the base of a cross shape. Outside you will be greeted by red and yellow stained glass in a pattern that was designed by William Cody himself.  It shimmers in morning sunlight. However, as you move through the heavy wooden doors, the space darkens dramatically. The floor is slate, the ceiling is that same dark wood, and light sneaks in through clerestory windows.

st theresa church palm springs william cody

Glass House – 1967

755 Cam Norte

The Palm Springs Glass House designed in 1967 is an exceptional example of William Cody work.  It showcases his magic by combining international style minimalism with the indoor/outdoor way of living so emblematic of Palm Springs at the mid-century. Called the “master of thin” by other architects, Cody’s incredibly thin roof floats above a glass house that is almost perfectly symmetrical. A 40 x 25 foot central pavilion is flanked by a master wing at one end and kitchen/guest quarters at the other end. The front yard, shielded from the street by walls of slump stone (a signature Cody detail), imparts a distinctive oriental feeling like that of a zen temple rock garden. Additionally, the protective walls at the street insure  privacy to the occupants of the glass temple within. This arrangement allows owner and guest to absorb both garden, mountain and the city views.

cody glass house

Palm Springs Library – 1975

300 S Sunrise Way

Carl Lykken donated $10,000 in 1971 to be used for the construction of a new city library. He was one of Palm Springs pioneers and a 29-year member of the Palm Springs Library Board.  The city passed proposition “R” for seven new recreational facilities, including a new library. Of the money raised, $104,733 went to William Cody for the library design. The building was expected to cost $1 million. It was to be built on what was then the Polo Grounds, but is now by the baseball field. Groundbreaking was on June, 1974. Contractor Peter Kiewit built the new main library at a cost of $1,418,000.

A central and spectacular focus in the new building was the indoor fountain set in a skylighted atrium.  The decorative fountain tiles and tile work were donated by the Friends Of The Library.

palm-springs-library-william cody

 

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A land of ever-present sunshine, blue skies and midcentury architecture galore, the area proved the quintessential backdrop for the storyline. The Storyline The Victory Corporation is building a city called Victory. It is meant to be a suburban utopia complete with sprawling greenbelts, a clubhouse, a sparkling pool and even an onsite boutique. Victory residents will want for nothing and have little reason to every leave. It is the one place to stay and be safe. The storyline follows Alice (portrayed by Florence Pugh) and Jack (played by Harry Styles), who are a married couple with a troublesome relationship. They just moved to Victory, a company town created by and paid for by Jack’s new employer, Frank (played by Chris Pine). While Jack and his colleagues go to work on the “Victory Project”, their wives are left to enjoy the beauty and luxury of their community. Here’s a look at some more specific Palm Springs filming locations in Don’t Worry Darling. The Kaufmann House The Kaufmann House was used was for the home of Victory Corporation founder, Frank, portrayed by Chris Pine. The home is fragile and extremely valuable, so much care had to be take to ensure nothing was damaged. This included bubble wrapping portions of the home and having docents in every room. Department store owner Edgar Kaufmann hired architect Richard Neutra to design a desert home for his family. A decade earlier, Frank Lloyd Wright had built Fallingwater for Mr. Kaufmann. But Kaufmann, having seen Taliesin West, thought that Wright didn’t understand desert design and chose Neutra instead. The home turned out so well, that when Wright saw it, he admitted to that is was beautiful (uncharacteristic of him). The building remains the most famous in Palm Springs in terms of international recognition. The flat roof, steel frame, and glass walls embody one prominent version of Modernism by using sharp, clean, lines and contrasting them to the rugged slopes of Mt. San Jacinto as a backdrop. When photographed by Julius Shulman, the Kaufmann House became an iconic image of modern architecture. The north wing is the guest’s quarters, separated from the rest of the house. The secluded west wing is the service wing. It would be purchased by Joseph and Nelda Linsk. She was the glamorous woman wearing yellow depicted in legendary photographer Slim Aaron’s iconic photograph highlighting the good life in Palm Springs, dubbed “Poolside Gossip.” In 1968, Eugene and Francis Klein, owners of the San Diego Chargers, purchased it. Then in 1973, Barry Manilow purchased the property and owned it until 1993. Beth and Brent Harris become the new owners and were eager to restore the property.They found a home once originally open and light-filled now dense and dark thanks to 2,200 square feet of additions that turned courtyards into interior spaces. 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They made it their personal residence and lived in it until their premature death in a plane crash in 1965. The house later gained fame as the honeymoon home of Elvis and Priscilla Presley. The design of these quaint one-story duplex-style condominiums offered floor-to-ceiling windows, and characteristic Palm Springs geometric stonework. It included post-and-beam construction, open floor plans in which the living room, dining room and kitchen flow together. Built in six stages in the 1960s by developer Roy Fey, it has a utopian neighborhood feel, with a shared pool, spa and green space. It includes 180 units with attached carports. Can I Visit? Properties in Canyon View Estates are privately owned and few are available as a vacation rental. However, the neighborhood is not gated, so grab a cruiser bike and explore. Palm Springs City Hall The Palm Springs City Hall was shown briefly in the film. It is centrally located and just steps away from the Palm Springs International Airport, another beautiful midcentury modern style building. Palm Springs City Hall was one of Clark, Frey and Chambers’ most important public buildings, built between 1952 and 1957. Although a collaborative effort with the local architectural firm of Williams and Williams, the building’s initial phase was primarily the design work of John Porter Clark and Albert Frey. An unusual detail of the council chamber is its corner treatment consisting of projecting concrete blocks cut at a diagonal at every other paired row, which allows the blocks to cast light and shadow. Albert Frey was a leading early architect to Palm Springs and left a large design footprint on the city. His own residence, Frey House II, is also an architecturally significant building as was willed to the Palm Springs Art Museum upon his death. 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